SmartScarecrow

just another guy with straw for brains …

20110217 – Cold Fusion from Pons/Flieschmann to Rossi/Focardi

News item for the evening

From Rolling Stone
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/why-isnt-wall-street-in-jail-20110216

Why isn’t Wall Street in Jail?
By Matt Taibbi
February 16, 2011

Over drinks at a bar on a dreary, snowy night in Washington this past month, a former Senate investigator laughed as he polished off his beer.

“Everything’s fucked up, and nobody goes to jail,” he said. “That’s your whole story right there. Hell, you don’t even have to write the rest of it. Just write that.”

I put down my notebook. “Just that?”

“That’s right,” he said, signaling to the waitress for the check. “Everything’s fucked up, and nobody goes to jail. You can end the piece right there.”

Nobody goes to jail. This is the mantra of the financial-crisis era, one that saw virtually every major bank and financial company on Wall Street embroiled in obscene criminal scandals that impoverished millions and collectively destroyed hundreds of billions, in fact, trillions of dollars of the world’s wealth — and nobody went to jail. Nobody, that is, except Bernie Madoff, a flamboyant and pathological celebrity con artist, whose victims happened to be other rich and famous people.

7-10 Minutes

Sterling Allan presents the latest Alternative Energy News

http://www.pesn.com

15-20 Minutes

Feature Presentation

Cold Fusion from Pons/Fleischmann to Rossi/Focardi

Cold Fusion article – from WikiPedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_fusion

Cold fusion refers to a proposed nuclear fusion process of unknown mechanism offered to explain a group of disputed experimental results first reported by electrochemists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons.

It is sometimes termed “Low Energy Nuclear Reaction” (LENR) to avoid the negative connotations associated to the original name.

The field originates with reports of an experiment by Martin Fleischmann, then one of the world’s leading electrochemists, and Stanley Pons in March of 1989 where they reported anomalous heat production (“excess heat”) of a magnitude they asserted would defy explanation except in terms of nuclear processes.

They further reported measuring small amounts of nuclear reaction byproducts, including neutrons and tritium. The small tabletop experiment involved electrolysis of heavy water on the surface of a palladium (Pd) electrode.

The media reported that nuclear fusion was happening inside the electrolysis cells, and these reports raised hopes of a cheap and abundant source of energy.

Hopes fell when replication failures were weighed in view of several reasons cold fusion is not likely to occur, the discovery of possible sources of experimental error, and finally the discovery that Fleischmann and Pons had not actually detected nuclear reaction byproducts.

By late 1989, most scientists considered cold fusion claims dead, and cold fusion subsequently gained a reputation as pathological science.

However, a small community of researchers continues to investigate cold fusion claiming to replicate Fleishmann and Pons’ results including nuclear reaction byproducts.

These claims are largely disbelieved in the mainstream scientific community.

In 1989, the majority of a review panel organized by the US Department of Energy (DOE) found that the evidence for the discovery of a new nuclear process was not persuasive.

A second DOE review, convened in 2004 to look at new research, reached conclusions similar to the first.

Play Clip from the TV show “Phenomenon the lost archives”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htgV7fNO-2k

From YouTube search “Cold Fusion Suppressed Technology”

13 minutes – historical reference – the politics and economics of the scientific establishment

Play Clip from YouTube video “Cold Fusion by Rossi and Focardi”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCdxpt86fv4

Clip is in Italian with English subtitles …

5 minutes

SSC-Zero Discussion

The points to make …

1)    Nearly all the electricity we use today is generated by STEAM … a technology that is a couple hundred years old

2)    Current nuclear power plants are really nothing more than advanced methods of boiling water to make steam to power generators

3)    Suppose we had a method of generating the heat required to make steam more efficiently than a nuclear plant and without the waste?

We discuss why it has been a suppressed technology for the past 20 years now … center on research funding for hot fusion reactors and fear within academia that funding for their cash cow pet projects would be killed off if a safer, cheaper, more viable method of achieving the goal were pushed forward …  no conspiracy theories, just greed and human nature at work …

To be discussed is the potential that the process has been miss-named … early on, it was assumed that the excess heat observed could only be explained by a nuclear reaction … some evidence of tritium and helium byproducts appeared to support the idea that a nuclear reaction was taking place … however, the lack of neutrons tends to counter the argument of a nuclear reaction when using the classical physics model of how fusion works … so in reality, what is going on is a reaction that cannot be explained by any known chemical or nuclear process … what has become known as “cold fusion” is in reality a type of reaction that is unique though it appears to have something in common with both chemical and nuclear processes … “cold fusion” is the name that has stuck though its probably not really an accurate description of what we are seeing …

Summary arguments

The Fleishman/Pons experimental apparatus depended on a palladium matrix as the substrate for the reaction to occur … the Rossi device appears to operate on a similar principle but using nickel as the matrix … experiments by BlackLight Power would indicate that many metallic crystalline matrix’s might be used, each having its own advantages and disadvantages …

The Rossi/Focardi experimental apparatus appears to be at a point in its development that commercial application is possible.

http://pesn.com/2011/01/17/9501746_Focardi-Rossi_10_kW_cold_fusion_prepping_for_market/

The steam engine was invented in 1775 by James Watt and Mathew Boulton.  However, the science for how it worked was not made formal until 1854 by Nicolas Carnot who described  the theories related to thermodynamics and the science of energy conversion … by the time steam engine technology was explained and the math was published in the physics books, steam locomotives were in use worldwide for nearly 30 years …

In describing the batch processing operation of the device, he said: “To start up the reactor you have just to turn on a switch. The reactor works with enormous margins of safety, so there is no need of a particular skill. Just follow the instructions. The refueling is every 6 months and will be made by our dealers.”

Rossi also says that they have had one reactor that has run continually for two years, providing heat for a factory.  Also, the reactors can self sustain by turning off the input, but they prefer to have an input.  The device will be scheduled for maintenance every six months.  You control it “just as you turn on and off your television set.”

More information can be obtained from the web site operated by Rossi at

http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/

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